Blog Posts

Episode 16 – The curious case of Dr. Ted Naiman

[warning: choppy audio in certain sections, my apologies ] In this episode I ask Dr.Ted Naiman the following questions:   How should doctors post patient results online and how not to do so? What’s the biggest misconception doctors have regarding diabetes? What’s the biggest misconception patients have regarding fat-loss? Dr.Naiman makes wonderful memes to explain concepts about health and nutrition. What’s a Protein-Sparing Modified Fast (PSMF)? Dr.Eric Westman places a lot of emphasis on carbohydrate restriction and very little on

Continue Reading

Can people with epilepsy benefit from the ketogenic diet?

What is the ketogenic diet? Some might consider the ketogenic diet to be a fad diet, however, it was discovered centuries ago for the dietary management of refractory epilepsy. The ketogenic diet is a high fat, adequate protein and low carbohydrate diet.   The diet was discovered by the observation of decreased seizure frequency during episodes of fasting.  In 1921, Dr. Wilder at Mayo clinic suggested the ketogenic diet for the long-term management of epilepsy. In terms of this suggestion, it

Continue Reading

Episode 15 – how do mTORC2 and ChREBP-β keep the fat cycle going?

Show notes: Study 1: “Adipose tissue mTORC2 regulates ChREBP-driven de novo lipogenesis and hepatic glucose metabolism” (2013 Tang et al.) This study looked at the activity of mTORC2 in the adipose tissue of miceFloxed-KO mice missing Rictor, a key element in the mTORC2 complex, were used in this study In the liver, de novo lipogenesis (DNL) correlates with insulin resistance (IR) but in white adipose tissue (WAT) it correlated with insulin sensitivity (IS) The activity of Carbohydrate-response Element Binding Protein

Continue Reading

Cold thermogenesis: how to freeze your fat off


Technology as a crutch The industrial age started in the late 18th century in the United Kingdom and with it, brought about technologies that now keep us in the Goldilocks zone, not too hot not too cold. In effect, we outsourced a fundamental aspect of what it means to stay alive and well temperature control Specifically, we now do very little cold thermogenesis. It’s a process mammals like us use to produce heat in order to stay warm. Our bodies

Continue Reading

Episode 14 – Freezing your fat off

Show notes: Study è “Short-term cold acclimation improves insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus” (Hanssen et al. 2015) Brown adipose tissue (BAT) was ‘rediscovered’ in 2009 Cold exposure increases BAT & its activity BAT activity was determined by measured glucose uptake via 18FDG PET-CT Data suggests BAT activation correlates with decreased triglycerides in BAT tissue More glucose was taken up (on average) in skeletal muscle & BAT tissue post-cold adaptation Uncoupling potein-1 (UCP-1) expressing white adipose tissue

Continue Reading

Is a Vegan Ketogenic diet Possible ?

is a vegan ketogenic diet possible

Your friend the vegan Picture this. Your friend the vegan who’s always up on the latest plant-based superfood suddenly mentions wanting to try this thing called a ketogenic diet – more specifically, a vegan ketogenic diet. You’re told a ketogenic diet is super high in fat and very low in carbs. Because you’re a good friend, you think about what they’re saying, only to realize that vegan diets aren’t particularly fatty. Plants tend to store a lot of starch or

Continue Reading

Episode 13 – What happens to fructose-fed monkeys?

Short summary: In episode 13 Gabor and I review a 2011 study looking at the metabolic consequences of rhesus monkeys being fed a grain-based diet supplemented with 500mL of fructose loaded Kool-Aid a day over a year. Show notes: The study: Fructose-Fed Rhesus Monkeys: A Nonhuman Primate Model of Insulin Resistance, Metabolic Syndrome, and Type 2 Diabetes (Bremer et al. 2001) Gabor explains what is fructose, glucose and high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) Gabor explains the enzymatic means by which HFCS

Continue Reading

Treatment for Metabolic Syndrome

treatment for metabolic syndrome

What is the metabolic syndrome? Metabolic syndrome is a set of criteria used to identify a pathological state of metabolism. If you qualify as having metabolic syndrome, this means one or more aspects of your metabolism is out of whack such that your odds of suffering from heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, cancer etc. are substantially increased. Metabolic syndrome is identified by measuring five markers: waist circumference (WC), HDL cholesterol (HDLc), triglycerides (TG),  fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and both systolic

Continue Reading

Episode 12 – Decoding Cholesterol with Dave Feldman

Short summary: I talk to engineer Dave Feldman about what his dietary self-experiments taught him cholesterol in human physiology. His “N = 1” experimentation is not only very interesting and rigorous but most importantly, it cannot be explained by current mainstream notions in lipidology. We also discuss the implications that this may have for cardiovascular disease. Show notes: Dave Feldman is known as the Christian Bale of nutrition for his extreme self-experiments where he ate 5,000 kcals per day, or

Continue Reading

Episode 11 – Obesity: a bird’s eye view

Short summary: In episode 11 Gabor selects 2 papers on the physiology of migrating birds that fatten up for their voyage and we discuss what this can tell us about human obesity. The first paper is from 2002 by Bairlein and is called “How to get fat: nutritional mechanisms of seasonal fat accumulation in migratory songbirds” The second is called “Adipose energy stores, physical work, and the metabolic syndrome: lessons from hummingbirds” and is by Hargrove et al.

Continue Reading